The phoebes and vireo were special birds this morning, but a Lincoln’s Sparrow captured on the same net run as a Song Sparrow was a great opportunity to see the two species side-by-side! [2], Males arrive to the breeding ground in mid to late May and begin to sing in order to attract a mate. [6] However, the skulking behavior of this bird and their preference for densely-covered habitats makes it difficult to accurately describe the full range of this species. [5] Their southern habitats over the winter include tropical evergreen and deciduous forests, arid and humid pine-oak forests, Pacific swamp forests, and arid subtropical scrub. The dainty Lincoln's Sparrow has a talent for concealing itself. Southern Arizona is definitely within the Lincoln Sparrow’s winter range. In autumn and winter they head south and their winter range includes the extreme southern United States. Their breeding habitat is wet thickets or shrubby bogs across Canada, Alaska, and the northeastern and western United States; this bird is less common in the eastern parts of its range. It sneaks around the ground amid willow thickets in wet meadows, rarely straying from cover. Lincoln's Sparrow Range Map. They prefer to be near dense shrub cover and their nests are well-concealed shallow open cups on the ground under vegetation. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. [8] Clutch size is typically 3-5 eggs[2] which are oval in shape and colored pale green to greenish-white and spotted reddish brown. Nest site is on the ground, very well hidden under clump of grass or under dense shrubbery, often sunken in a depression in sphagnum moss or other ground cover. Nest (built by female only) is a shallow open cup of grasses or sedges, lined with fine grass and sometimes with animal hair. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. September 28, 2018. Description: They have dark-streaked olive-brown upperparts, a light brown breast with streaks, a white belly, and a white throat. Brown cap with a grey stripe in the middle, olive-brown wings, and a narrow tail. Photo: Becky Matsubara/Flickr (CC BY-2.0). Once you do, all of those other “little brown jobs” get a little less confusing. [2], Their breeding habitat is subalpine and montane zones across Canada, Alaska, and the northeastern and western United States, although they are less common in the eastern parts of their range. [7] They sing most frequently in the morning and only in the beginning of the breeding season before incubation. The dainty Lincoln's Sparrow has a talent for concealing itself. [2][8] Adults typically eat prey from higher trophic levels such as spiders, whereas they feed their chicks greater proportions of plant material and lower trophic level prey like grasshoppers. They have a brown cap with a grey stripe in the middle, olive-brown wings, and a narrow tail. [8] Young are born altricial and leave the nest about 9-12 days after hatching, although they may be cared for by their parents for another 2-3 weeks. In the West, birders soon learn to find it by its hard chep callnote in the bushes. Learn more about these drawings. Lincoln’s Sparrows lay 3 … I photographed this little bird recently, feeding in a patch of sunflowers, part of a mixed group of birds that included a couple of White-crowned Sparrows, a dozen or so Lesser Goldfinches, and a Pine Siskin or two. [2] In early June, females build their nests on the ground under dense grass or shrub cover, usually inside a low willow shrub, mountain birch,[5] or sunken in a depression of sphagnum moss. When it decides to pop up and sing from a willow twig, its sweet, jumbling song is more fitting of a House Wren than a sparrow. 44 Perfect Gifts for the Bird and Nature Lovers in Your Life, How the Evening Grosbeak Got Its Misleading Name. Lincoln shot the bird on an expedition with Audubon to Nova Scotia in 1834, and Audubon named it in honor of his travel companion. We protect birds and the places they need. [7] However, their complex, multisyllabic song pattern is comparable to that of a song sparrow, whereas the swamp sparrow has a simple, single-syllabic song. Lincoln's sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii) is a small sparrow native to North America. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. Female may remain on nest until approached very closely, then scurry away over the ground like a rodent. Both parents feed the nestlings. Incubation is by female only, about 12-14 days. Lincoln's sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii) is a medium-sized sparrow. Though its song might conceal its sparrowness, its plumage says otherwise. Infrequently visits feeders. Native to North and Central America and many nearby island nations, this bird prefers shrubland, grassland, and wetland ecosystems. At lower elevations, they can also be found in mixed deciduous groves, mixed shrub-willows, and black spruce-tamarack bogs. [2], Adults have dark-streaked olive-brown upperparts and a light brown breast with fine streaks, a white belly, and a white throat. Also note thin pale eyering, bright buffy breast that contrasts with white belly, and often peaked crown. [3] Males and females are alike in plumage. [2], Their wintering range extends from the southern United States down to Mexico and northern Central America; they are passage migrants over much of the United States, except in the west. [8] Their nest is a well-covered shallow open cup of grasses or sedges. Lincoln’s Sparrow. It also differs in range and song. Breeds in northern and mountainous areas in dense low vegetation near water, such as streamside willow groves, bushy edges of bogs, brushy clearings in wet coniferous forest. Their face is grey with brown cheeks, a buffy mustache, and a brown line through the eye with a narrow eye ring. [11] This impacts reproductive success because song quality influences female mating preferences. The Lincoln's Sparrow has a large range, estimated globally at 7,500,000 square kilometers. Beware of juvenile Song Sparrows in late summer, which can look buffy and show finer streaks than adults. Young: Both parents feed the nestlings. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. Lives of North American Birds. In addition to a buffy breast, the Lincoln’s has a buffy eye-ring and malar. [11], "Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)", "Lincoln's Sparrow — Melospiza lincolnii", "Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii): New record for the Dominican Republic", "Song Types and Variation in Insular Populations of Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza Lincolnii), and Comparisons With Other Melospiza", "Comparison of optimal foraging versus life-history decisions during nestling care in Lincoln's SparrowsMelospiza lincolniithrough stable isotope analysis", "Ovulation Order Mediates a Trade-Off between Pre-Hatching and Post-Hatching Viability in an Altricial Bird", "Change in offspring sex ratio over a very short season in Lincoln's Sparrows: the potential role of bill development", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lincoln%27s_sparrow&oldid=987263214, Native birds of the Northeastern United States, Native birds of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Native birds of the Western United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 22:58. Even where they are common, Lincoln's Sparrows tend to be solitary, not joining flocks. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Lincoln’s Sparrows feed on seeds and insects. Range. It lives in well-covered brushy habitats, often near water. Young leave the nest about 9-12 days after hatching, may be tended by the parents for another 2-3 weeks or more. Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Range map Data provided by eBird. Lincoln’s Sparrows are a relatively common species. Occurrence. Spread the word. This is a Lincoln’s Sparrow. [2] They produce a sweet, wrenlike, gurgling song with varied frequencies. It is a less common passerine bird that often stays hidden under thick ground cover, but can be distinguished by its sweet, wrenlike song. 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